The Greek name for the headland was Akritas. In Ottoman times the inhabitants of this fishing and farming village were mainly Greek, and these people were swapped for Turkish residents of Thessalonica, Kavala and Drama in the population exchange following the foundation of the Turkish Republic in the early 1920s.
There are still fishing boats but by the end of the 1980s fishing had been overtaken by industry, particularly ship-building; the shipyards of Tuzla are still active today. There is still some farmling going on inland from the town of Tuzla, although there is also industrial development.
Tuzla is a small town famous for its sea front and its many fish restaurants. It is also a popular location for wealthy Istanbul residents or the retired to buy homes as it is far from the city, less crowded and still retains a 'small town feel' to it; travelling to the city by public transport is a slow and lengthy journey. The town centre of Tuzla is a maze of narrow streets.
There is a wetland behind the coast, important for birdlife, but this has deteriorated badly as the town of Tuzla has grown.
Tuzla is also a name of a small town in the Northeast of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Places of importance
Istanbul's Formula One racetrack, The Turkish Naval Academy, The Koc School and Sabanci University are in Tuzla.
The mayor of Tuzla throughout the 1990s was Idris Gulluce, a leading figure in the Islamic-leaning [AKP]].