Erdogan Era Turkey General Election Results Between 2002 and 2023

Having assumed the leadership of the AK Party since 2001, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has played a key role in Turkey's social, economic and political transformation. From the first election he won as Prime Minister in 2002 to the 2018 Presidential election he won, you can find the results of Erdogan and his opponents in Turkey. 14 May 2023 General Elections in Turkey
The general election results of Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Turkey and the last local election results;

31 March 2019 Turkey Local Election Results

31 March 2019 Turkey Local Election Results
The local elections in Turkey were held on March 31, 2019. These elections decided the mayors and local council members across all provinces, districts, and towns throughout the country.

Despite being the party with the largest overall vote share, the Justice and Development Party (AKP), led by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, suffered significant losses, including several key cities. The main opposition, the Republican People's Party (CHP), won control of the country's economic hub, Istanbul, and the capital, Ankara. The loss of Istanbul was especially symbolic, as Erdogan had once served as its mayor and the city had been under the control of the AKP and its predecessors for 25 years.

The decision by the electoral board to rerun the Istanbul election due to alleged irregularities led to controversy. The rerun took place on June 23, 2019, and resulted in a more decisive victory for the CHP candidate, Ekrem Imamoglu.

The outcomes of these elections were viewed as an indication of decreasing support for the ruling party, particularly in urban areas, even though it maintained dominance in much of the rest of the country.

2019 Türkiye local election results, voting rates

According to the 31 March 2019 Turkish Local Election Results, the voting rates of the parties are as follows:
  • AK Parti: %44,31
  • CHP: %30,11
  • MHP: %15,04
  • HDP: %4,26
  • IYI Parti: %3,00
  • Saadet Party: %0,54
  • DSP: %0,29
  • Other Parties and independent candidates: %2,45

24 June 2018 Turkey General Election Results

24 June 2018 Turkey General Election Results
The Turkish general elections took place on 24 June 2018. These were snap elections, initially scheduled for November 2019 but moved forward by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

In the presidential election, incumbent President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was reelected in the first round, securing 52.59% of the vote. His main opposition, Muharrem Ince of the Republican People's Party (CHP), received 30.64% of the vote. Other candidates, including Selahattin Demirtas of the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) and Meral Aksener of the IYI Party, received smaller shares of the vote.

In the parliamentary election, Erdogan's party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP), maintained its plurality but lost its majority. The AKP won 295 seats in the 600-seat Grand National Assembly, down from 316 in the previous election. However, it was able to maintain control of the government through an alliance with the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), which won 49 seats.

The main opposition, the CHP, won 146 seats. The HDP surpassed the 10% electoral threshold to enter parliament and won 67 seats. The IYI Party, which was participating in its first general election, won 43 seats.

2018 Türkiye general election results, voting rates

According to the results of the 24 June 2018 Turkey General Elections, the voting rates of the parties are as follows:

Party Presidential Election Vote Ratio Parliamentary Election Vote Ratio
AK Parti 52.59% 42.56%
CHP 30.64% 22.64%
HDP 8.40% 11.70%
MHP - 11.10%
IYI Parti 7.29% 9.96%
Saadet Party - 1.38%
Vatan Party - 0.23%
Bagimsiz adaylar - 0.63%

According to these results, Recep Tayyip Erdogan was elected in the first round of the presidential election and AK Party became the party with the highest number of votes in the parliamentary elections. CHP, HDP, MHP and IYI Parti were among the other parties represented in the parliament. However, there were also debates and objections regarding the election results and voting rates.

1 November 2015 Turkey General Election Results

1 November 2015 Turkey General Election Results
The general elections in Turkey took place on 1 November 2015, following an earlier election in June 2015 that resulted in a hung parliament. After failed coalition talks, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called for a snap election.
Here are the results:
  1. Justice and Development Party (AKP): The AKP, led by Ahmet Davutoglu, regained the majority it had lost in the June election. The party won 317 seats out of the 550 in the Grand National Assembly with approximately 49.5% of the vote.
  2. Republican People's Party (CHP): The CHP, the main opposition party, led by Kemal Kiliçdaroglu, won 134 seats with about 25.3% of the vote.
  3. Nationalist Movement Party (MHP): The MHP, led by Devlet Bahçeli, won 40 seats with roughly 11.9% of the vote.
  4. Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP): The pro-Kurdish HDP, co-chaired by Selahattin Demirtas and Figen Yüksekdag, won 59 seats with approximately 10.8% of the vote, just over the 10% threshold required for a party to enter parliament.
These results allowed the AKP to form a single-party government, but they fell short of the supermajority needed to change the constitution without a referendum, which was one of their main goals. The election had a very high turnout, with over 85% of eligible voters casting ballots.

2015 Türkiye general election results, voting rates

1 November 2015 Turkey General Election Results according to the voting rates of the parties, in that:

Party Vote Rate Number of Deputies
AK Parti 49.50% 316
CHP 25.32% 134
MHP 11.90% 40
HDP 10.76% 59
Other Parties 2.52% 1

12 June 2011 Turkey General Election Results

12 June 2011 Turkey General Election Results
The general elections in Turkey took place on 12 June 2011. Here are the results:
  1. Justice and Development Party (AKP): The AKP, led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, won a third consecutive general election, securing 327 seats out of the 550 in the Grand National Assembly with approximately 49.83% of the vote.
  2. Republican People's Party (CHP): The CHP, the main opposition party, led by Kemal Kiliçdaroglu, won 135 seats with about 25.98% of the vote.
  3. Nationalist Movement Party (MHP): The MHP, led by Devlet Bahçeli, won 53 seats with roughly 13.01% of the vote
  4. Independent candidates: 36 seats were won by independent candidates, most of whom were backed by the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party (BDP). These candidates ran as independents to bypass the 10% threshold required for a party to enter parliament. Most of these independents later joined the BDP parliamentary group.
These results allowed the AKP to form a single-party government for a third term. However, the AKP fell short of the two-thirds supermajority (367 seats) that would have allowed them to unilaterally rewrite the constitution, which was one of their main campaign promises. They also fell short of the three-fifths supermajority (330 seats) that would have allowed them to propose constitutional changes to a referendum.

2011 Türkiye general election results, voting rates

12 June 2011 Turkey General Election Results according to the voting rates of the parties, in that:

Party Vote Rate Number of Deputies
AK Parti 49.83% 327
CHP 25.98% 135
MHP 13.01% 53
BDP 6.57% 36
Other Parties 4.61% 0

22 July 2007 Turkey General Election Results

22 July 2007 Turkey General Election Results
The general elections in Turkey took place on 22 July 2007. Here are the results:
  1. Justice and Development Party (AKP): The AKP, led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, won the election, securing 341 seats out of the 550 in the Grand National Assembly with approximately 46.58% of the vote.
  2. Republican People's Party (CHP): The CHP, the main opposition party, led by Deniz Baykal, won 112 seats with about 20.88% of the vote.
  3. Nationalist Movement Party (MHP): The MHP, led by Devlet Bahçeli, won 71 seats with roughly 14.27% of the vote.
  4. Democratic Party (DP): The DP, led by Serdar Denktas, won 1 seat with around 5.41% of the vote.
  5. Independent candidates: 26 seats were won by independent candidates, many of whom were supported by the Democratic Society Party (DTP), a pro-Kurdish party. These candidates ran as independents to bypass the 10% threshold required for a party to enter parliament.
The 2007 elections were held under a cloud of political tension between the secular establishment and the AKP. A significant point of contention was the AKP's nomination of Abdullah Gül, a politician with a background in political Islam, for the presidency. This move was met with widespread protests and resistance from the secular establishment, including the military.
These results allowed the AKP to form a single-party government for a second term. However, the party fell short of the two-thirds supermajority (367 seats) that would have allowed them to unilaterally amend the constitution.

2007 Türkiye general election results, voting rates

22 July 2007 Turkey General Election Results according to the voting rates of the parties, in that:
Party Vote Rate Number of Deputies
AK Parti 46.58% 341
CHP 20.88% 112
MHP 14.27% 71
DTP 5.12% 20
Other Parties 13.15% 6

3 November, 2002 Turkey General Election Results

3 November, 2002 Turkey General Election Results
The general elections in Turkey took place on 3 November 2002. This was a particularly significant election as it marked a turning point in Turkish politics with the rise of the Justice and Development Party (AKP). Here are the results:
  1. Justice and Development Party (AKP): The AKP, in its first general election since its formation in 2001 and led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, won the election, securing 363 seats out of the 550 in the Grand National Assembly with approximately 34.28% of the vote.
  2. Republican People's Party (CHP): The CHP, the main opposition party, led by Deniz Baykal, won 178 seats with about 19.38% of the vote.
  3. True Path Party (DYP) and Nationalist Movement Party (MHP): Although both parties received a significant share of the vote (about 9.54% and 8.36% respectively), neither party was able to surpass the 10% electoral threshold required to gain seats in parliament.
  4. Independent candidates: 9 seats were won by independent candidates.
This election marked a dramatic shift in Turkish politics. The two parties that had formed the outgoing coalition government, the Democratic Left Party (DSP) and the Motherland Party (ANAP), failed to cross the 10% threshold, as did the MHP, which was part of the opposition in the outgoing parliament.
The AKP's victory allowed it to form a single-party government. Recep Tayyip Erdogan, however, was initially unable to assume the Prime Ministership due to a political ban. This led to Abdullah Gül serving as Prime Minister until Erdogan was able to take over in March 2003, following a by-election and a constitutional amendment lifting his ban.

2002 Türkiye general election results, voting rates

3 November, 2002 Turkey General Election Results according to the voting rates of the parties, in that:

Party Vote Rate Number of Deputies
AK Parti 34.28% 363
CHP 19.39% 178
MHP 8.36% 129
DSP 1.23% 1
Other Parties 36.74% 0

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