The Fourth Crusade and the Fall of Constantinople
"They were not able to believe that there could be so rich a town in the whole world, those high walls and mighty towers, those luxurious palaces and lofty churches." Geoffrey de Villehardoin
Constantinople was the greatest city of Christendom in the Middle Ages. Also known as Byzantium, it gave its name to the Byzantine Empire of which it was the capital. The Vikings knew it as Miklagard (the Great City), but the Byzantines just called it "I Polis" – the City.