Sahaflar Carsisi, the second hand book bazaar, stands in the old courtyard between Beyazid Mosque and Grand Bazaar. It's one of the oldest markets of Istanbul built on the same site as the Chartoprateia, book and paper market of the Byzantines. However it wasn't until 18th century that booksellers settled their shops here leaving the Grand Bazaar. Printing and publishing legislation introduced soon after thus enabling the trade to expand in the whole courtyard. Also during this century the market remained the main point for book sale and distribution within the Ottoman Empire, and a gathering place for intellectual people. Unfortunately in the last 50-60 years the market lost its importance due to inevitable rise of modern bookstores and lately of the internet. Today there are still some old books, new ones, and examples of Ottoman miniature pages can be found.
The Sahaflar Bazaar is open daily except on Sundays and during public or religious holidays, with the exception of smaller stores.
There are many other small bazaars and old shopping areas in Istanbul, such as; Kumkapi Fish market, Sariyer Fish Market, Beyoglu Flower & Food market (Cicek Pasaji), and so on. There are also weekly bazaars settled in every neighborhood of the city on one day of the week, frequented mostly by local people.
Istanbul has many ultra modern shopping malls with international and national brand names too, which fits today's world needs in every aspect. These are mainly located in the new part of the city close to residential or financial districts. Some of these modern shopping centers are: Akmerkez, Metro City, Kanyon, Galleria, Carousel, Olivium, Atrium, Capitol, Profilo, Mayadrom, Tepe Nautilus, Cevahir, Polcenter, Boyner, Carrefour, Bauhaus, Praktiker, Gotzen, Metro, Bricolage, etc.