Bayrampasa Istanbul

Bayrampasa is a working class residential and industrial suburb of İstanbul, Turkey on the European side of the city. Population 240,000 (1997). Area 8 km².
The people of Bayrampaşa are mainly recent migrants from Anatolia. The housing in Bayrampaşa is generally poor quality and there are workshops and small factories even in the residential streets, while large areas of the district are purely industrial.
There are a number of important public buildings in the area: Istanbul's largest prison; two large sports complexes; the main bus station (which is actually in Bayrampaþa although it is named Esenler bus station). Bayrampaþa lies on the route of the old road to Thrace and a number of major roads and a light railway run through the middle of the area.

The area was known as Saðmalcýlar until 1970 when a large outbreak of cholera, caused by pollution of the Ottoman-built water supply by new buildings and factories, led to the area being quarantined. Following this incident the name Saðmalcýlar became synonymous with cholera so the district was renamed Bayrampaþa. Little of the Ottoman water system, which was built by Mimar Sinan, remains today.

Bayrampaþa is the Turkish word for a variety of artichoke and there is a large statue of an artichoke in the middle of the district.

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